Explanation of fabrics
A short explanation about ikat and suzani.
Ikat is fabric which achieves its design through the dying of thread prior to weaving.All the ikat that is on my website has been dyed by hand and woven on a loom.There is not a right side or wrong side to the fabric. Much of the ikat we buy in the states has been printed onto the cloth or has been woven on large factory machines. Since these factory machines are large they can produce fabric that is 54" wide. The ikat that I use has been produced on looms that an individual is operating. These small looms can't produce 54" wide material.
Suzani is decorative embroidery. A person draws by hand a pattern on fabric. A person, usually a woman hand stitches over that pattern. She uses a stitch similar to a satin stitch and may use various other stitches to achieve a border. Some choose not to use the satin stitch but use a needle punch. Regardless of the stitch type they are all done by hand. Patterns and fabric backgrounds can vary by region.
The easiest way to remember the difference between ikat and suzani is ikat is fabric with no raised pattern. Since a suzani is decorative embroidery it will have a raised pattern.